Why is obesity a problem what can it lead to?
Obesity remains a leading health problem in the United States. Its prevalence increased from 30.5% in 2000 to 42.4% in 2018. This epidemic accounts for around $170 billion in surplus medical costs every year. Obesity raises the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, fatty liver disease, renal disease, and other health problems.
Lifestyle changes that involve behavioral treatments such as nutrition monitoring, exercise programs and counseling have resulted in clinically significant weight loss in obese patients. In obese patients with hypertension, the American Heart Association also emphasized that for every 1 kg weight loss, a 1 mmHg drop in blood pressure can be expected. For patients who deal with diabetes, there have been clinical benefits seen for those who achieve a 3-5% weight loss. Tracking of patients’ weight and body fat percentage supports progress in weight loss and allows them to fix their efforts and strategies.
Proper diet and exercise can help increase weight loss which in return can treat hypertension and diabetes.
What devices are used to manage weight
RPM devices include a weighing scale with body impedance analysis, blood pressure monitor and a glucometer. Using a scale that has BIA allows the patients and providers to track more than just weight and BMI. It allows them to monitor body fat percentage, muscle mass, visceral fat, and body water percentage. These devices can play an important role in obesity management for those patients who deal with comorbid conditions and can lead to better tracking and weight loss strategies.