Over a three and a half month period, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics developed a home monitoring program to effectively monitor and treat COVID-19 patients who were in the hospital. This study consisted of 1,128 patients between March of 2020 and June of 2020. Researchers identified who was high-risk and who was low-risk based on their demographics, and prioritized those who were older and had existing underlying conditions.
The number of telemedicine visits required was at a median of three with patients who were high-risk needing more. There were a few limitations to this study which was the program occurring at a single academic center, and the mean age of participants were lower than those in other, similar studies. Based on comorbidities and age, 30.7% of the sample were high-risk patients, 6.2% required hospitalization, and 1.2% needed to be admitted to the ICU. What led researchers to conclude that home monitoring can effectively treat high-risk COVID-19 patients is the fact that more than 92% of patients did not need hospitalization. There was also a decreased exposure to COVID, increased convenience, and the decreased need for personal protective equipment.
RPM has shown to be very beneficial and has been implemented a lot since the pandemic. Because patients are hesitant to leave their house, RPM makes it that much easier to still be in contact with your healthcare provider and their team, without leaving your house.